Carbon credit bill: A catalyst for economic investment and development

  • 31 Jul 2023
  • 4 Mins Read
  • 〜 by The Vellum Team

In a significant move, a parliamentary committee in Kenya has approved the Carbon Credit and Benefit Sharing Bill, 2023. Spearheaded by Laisamis MP Joseph Lekuton, this visionary legislation aims to regulate carbon markets, driving Kenya towards a greener, more sustainable future while combating climate change on a global scale.

If passed into law, the bill will revolutionise the carbon credit landscape, ensuring equitable benefit distribution. The project owner will receive 40%, local communities 33%, the county government 10%, the managing authority 5%, and the national research fund 2% of carbon credit proceeds. The bill also tailors provisions for diverse land types, ensuring fair benefits for all stakeholders.

This landmark approval cements Kenya’s position as a key player in the carbon credit market, unlocking new opportunities and propelling the nation’s carbon credit industry. With a strengthened legal framework, Kenya is poised for sustainable growth, environmental conservation, and international recognition. The approval of this bill promises a prosperous and sustainable future for the nation. 

How carbon credits can create economic investment and development

Carbon credits hold immense promise for environmental sustainability and economic progress. These valuable commodities are generated when projects effectively curtail or prevent greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, such as tree-planting initiatives that offset potential emissions. Embracing carbon credits empowers businesses and governments to achieve emissions reduction goals, while individuals can also contribute by offsetting their carbon footprint.

Beyond their environmental impact, carbon credits act as catalysts for economic growth and development. Businesses generating carbon credits foster job creation and invest in cutting-edge technologies, while communities hosting such projects experience a surge in economic activity. By embracing carbon credits, we embark on a transformative journey towards a greener and more prosperous society, where sustainability and economic progress thrive in harmony.

The potential benefits of the carbon credit bill

The Carbon Credit and Benefit Sharing Bill, 2023, has the potential to bring a number of benefits to Kenya with numerous advantages that promise positive impacts on multiple fronts.

  • Increased revenue: The bill’s potential to generate substantial annual revenue in the billions can be a game-changer for Kenya. These funds can be channelled into crucial climate change mitigation and adaptation projects or directed towards supporting other pressing development priorities.
  • Sustainable development: By incentivizing projects that cut greenhouse gas emissions, the bill fosters sustainable development across Kenya. This forward-thinking approach protects the environment while nurturing job opportunities within the clean energy sector.
  • Equitable benefits: The bill’s fair distribution mechanism ensures that all stakeholders, including local communities, reap the rewards of the carbon credit market. Everyone has a chance to participate in and benefit from this eco-friendly initiative.
  • Job creation: The sale of carbon credits translates to job opportunities in various sectors like forestry, agriculture, and renewable energy. This job creation has the potential to stimulate economic growth and alleviate poverty.
  • Improved livelihoods: Carbon credit projects can positively impact the lives of Kenyans by offering income-generating opportunities. For instance, tree-planting initiatives can provide employment and income for farmers and local communities, Farmers who participate in carbon credit projects can earn income from the sale of carbon credits. This can help to boost their incomes and improve their livelihoods.
  • Protecting the environment: Carbon credits can help to protect the environment by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This can help to mitigate the effects of climate change and improve air quality.
  • Training: Carbon credit projects can provide training for farmers on sustainable agricultural practices. This can help them to improve their yields and reduce their environmental impact.
  • Access to markets: Carbon credit projects can help farmers to access new markets for their products. This can help them to increase their incomes and improve their livelihoods.

The Carbon Credit and Benefit Sharing Bill, 2023, is not just about economic gains; it represents a comprehensive commitment to sustainable development, social equity, and environmental stewardship. Embracing this bill will empower Kenya to forge a resilient and prosperous path towards a greener, more sustainable future for all its citizens.

Carbon credits have the potential to be a major boost for Kenya’s economy, people, and environment. By providing a legal framework for the carbon credit market, the Carbon Credit and Benefit Sharing Bill, 2023, can help to ensure that Kenya reaps the benefits of this growing market.

The potential disadvantages of the carbon credit bill

Unfair benefit distribution – While the bill aims for equitable distribution of carbon credit benefits, some stakeholders may still receive unequal advantages, potentially leading to conflict. Careful consideration is essential to ensure fair benefits, fostering harmony and equitable growth.

Land acquisition concerns – Without meticulous implementation, the bill may inadvertently encourage land grabbing by profit-driven entities exploiting the carbon credit market. This risks displacing local communities and harming the environment. Safeguards should be incorporated to prevent forceful land acquisition and prioritise community rights and environmental preservation.

Potential greenwashing – here’s a risk that businesses may misuse carbon credits to create an illusion of climate action without genuinely reducing emissions. Robust provisions in the bill can prevent greenwashing, ensuring businesses genuinely contribute to effective climate change mitigation efforts.

By addressing these potential disadvantages, the bill can evolve into a comprehensive and effective instrument for driving sustainable development, fostering social equity, and safeguarding the environment.

 The next steps

The Carbon Credit and Benefit Sharing Bill, 2023, has now been approved by the BAC. The next step is for the bill to be introduced to Parliament. If the bill is passed into law, it will provide a much-needed legal framework for Kenya’s carbon credit market and help to ensure that the benefits of carbon credits are shared fairly with all stakeholders.


The Carbon Credit and Benefit Sharing Bill, of 2023, is a significant piece of legislation that has the potential to bring a number of benefits to Kenya. The bill is now one step closer to becoming law, and it is hoped that it will be passed soon.

This bill exemplifies how sustainability solutions can unlock economic investment and development opportunities. By establishing a legal framework for the carbon credit market, the bill will enable Kenya to harness the benefits of this expanding sector.