As technology assumes an increasingly significant role in our personal lives, ensuring our security in cyberspace becomes crucial: as such we must safeguard ourselves against cyber attacks.
Cyberattacks refer to malicious attempts by individuals or groups to disrupt, damage, or gain unauthorized access to computer systems, networks, or devices. These attacks are becoming increasingly common and sophisticated, and they can cause significant harm to businesses, organizations, governments, and individuals.
Cyberattacks can take many forms, including malware infections, phishing scams, distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks, ransomware attacks, and many others. The impacts of these attacks can range from financial losses and reputational damage to the loss of sensitive data and even physical harm. Cyberattacks are likely to remain a persistent threat as technology continues to evolve, making cybersecurity an essential aspect of modern life.
To safeguard yourself, here are some essential measures you can always implement.
Use strong passwords
Use unique and complex passwords for all your online accounts, and avoid reusing passwords. You can use password managers to create and store strong passwords.
Enable two-factor authentication
Enable two-factor authentication for all your online accounts. This adds an extra layer of security by requiring a code or fingerprint in addition to your password.
Keep software up-to-date
Ensure you install the latest security updates for all your devices and software. This helps to fix any known vulnerabilities that can be exploited by attackers.
Be cautious of phishing scams
Phishing scams are attempts by attackers to trick you into revealing your personal information. Be cautious of any unsolicited emails, messages, or phone calls, and verify the authenticity of the sender before sharing any personal information. Do not click on suspicious links or download attachments from unknown sources.
Use a virtual private network (VPN)
When connecting to public Wi-Fi networks, use a VPN to encrypt your internet traffic and protect your personal information from potential eavesdroppers.
Secure your home network
Change the default admin wi-fi router to a strong password only you know.
Configure your home wireless network to use the latest encryption (WPA2).
Use antivirus software
Install and regularly update antivirus software on all your devices to protect against malware.
Backup important data
Regularly back up your important data to an external hard drive or cloud storage service. This helps to protect your data in case of a ransomware attack or hardware failure.
Monitor your accounts
Regularly monitor your bank accounts, credit/debit card statements, and other financial accounts for any unauthorized transactions or suspicious activity. Report any suspicious activity to the appropriate authorities immediately.
Limit personal information online
Be cautious about what personal information you share online, and limit the amount of personal information you make available.
What to do when hacked
If your personal computer or mobile device is hacked, the only way you can recover all of your personal information is from backups. Back up important data regularly.
If you suspect one of your online accounts is hacked, immediately log in and change the password to a strong password.