Development that meets current demands without jeopardising the ability of subsequent generations, ensuring the harmony between economic progress and care for the health of society and the environment, is known as Sustainable Development.
Principles of Sustainable Development:
- Principle of holistic approach – Implies an integrated achievement of economic, environmental and social goals of development. To define and achieve these goals, actors and capital are required.
- Principle of intragenerational and intergenerational solid – These are two hands of the doctrine of sustainable equity. Sustainable equity aims to find a proper balance between intergenerational equity (between the present and future people) and intragenerational equity (between the rich and the poor of the present generation.
- Principle of social justice – The two priorities of social justice and sustainability are, in essence, collectively confronting the damaging consequences of “uneven development”: both in the standard political economic sense and in the environmental sense
- Principle of sustainable management of resources.
- Principle of Integration – Integration of all environmental effects when considering a new project
- Principle of utilising local resources – Is the management of renewable resources for the good of the entire human and natural community
- Principle of public participation – The active involvement of the local population in decision- making concerning development projects and their implementation.
- Principle of social responsibility – Social responsibility is a means of achieving sustainability. Adopting key social responsibility principles, such as accountability and transparency, can help ensure the long-term viability and success of any organisation or system.
- Principle of precaution and prevention – This principle focuses on strong suspicions that if an activity may have environmentally harmful consequences, it is better to control that activity now rather than to wait for incontrovertible scientific evidence.
Numerous issues that face humanity, including climate change, water shortages, inequality, and hunger, can only be remedied on a global scale by fostering sustainable development. The Sustainable Development Goals, a call to action to conserve the environment and ensure human welfare on a global scale, were adopted by the United Nations as part of a new sustainable development blueprint known as the 2030 Agenda. All individuals, organisations, governments, and nations must actively participate in order to achieve these shared objectives.
Natural resources are being used excessively in the current situation. Therefore, we must take action to reduce the overuse of natural resources in order to prevent their permanent extinction. For its own self-respect, it is essential to preserve the national, cultural, and traditional heritages. For efficient development and administration, there must be a tight and effective governing framework. For sustainable growth, there must be nearly no corruption in the government. There have to be awareness campaigns about the value of sustainable development.