At the level of Parliament, a Bill passes through the following stages:
PUBLICATION AND CIRCULATION
A Bill is published in a special or supplementary issue of the Kenya Gazette that may be released occasionally. The purpose of publication is to notify the public and invite representations through the elected Members or direct submission of memoranda and petitions.
This is intended to draw the attention of the Members and the public to the Bill. At this stage, the Bill may be referred to the relevant Sectorial Committee.
2. SECOND READING
The Mover introduces and outlines the main purpose and objectives of the Bill including the details. Members discuss the Bill and the views of the Mover together with the report of the Sectoral Committee. At the end of the Second Reading, the only amendment that could be made is to defer its Second Reading for six months, which is literally, “killing the Bill”.
3. COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE HOUSE
At this stage the Bill is considered clause by clause. Members may propose amendments but no amendment is permitted if it implies a direct negative of the original proposal, or elimination of its main purpose/ objective. The correct way of expressing a contrary opinion is by voting against the Motion.(
4. REPORT STAGE
The Committee informs the House sitting in Plenary of their consideration of the Bill.
5. THIRD READING
Members may again debate the principles of what is already in the Bill but further amendments should not be proposed, except to defer its Third Reading for six months, literally-“killing the Bill”.
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